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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 62-65

Comparing the effectiveness of intrauterine infusion of platelet-rich plasma and granulocyte-Colony-stimulating factor in frozen embryo transfer cycles

GG Hospital Fertility and Women's Speciality Centre, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Priya Selvaraj
GG Hospital, Fertility and Women's Speciality Centre, Chennai - 600 034, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/tofj.tofj_15_19

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Aim: The aim of the study was to compare the effectiveness of intrauterine perfusion of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in improving assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes in women with thin endometrium and recurrent implantation failure (RIF) undergoing frozen embryo transfer (FET). Materials and Methods: The study was conducted at GG Hospital, Fertility and Women's Speciality Centre, Chennai, India, between March 2016 and September 2019. The study group comprised of 132 demographically identical women with RIF and thin endometrium undergoing FETs. The mean age of the participants in both the groups was 33.18 ± 4.30 and 32.5 ± 5.02, respectively. These women were randomly divided into PRP Group A (n = 56) and G-CSF Group B (n = 76). Both the groups were initiated with the conventional preparation for FET using estradiol valerate and micronized progesterone along with a trigger (10,000 IU of human chrionic gonadotropins (HCG)). Intrauterine PRP and G-CSF were then administered for those patients with thin endometrium (≤0.8 cm) on days 16 and 18, and sequential embryo transfers were performed as day 3 embryos along day 5 blastocyst. Results: The average endometrial thickness before the infusion of PRP and G-CSF was 0.67 ± 0.09 and 0.70 ± 0.08, whereas after the infusion, it improved to 0.78 ± 0.14 and 0.75 ± 0.06, respectively. P value between Groups A and B was 0.0968 and hence statistically not significant, indicating similar improvement by both the methods. P value for implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, live birth rate (LBR), and miscarriage rate was 0.182, 0.695, 0.287, and 0.270, respectively. It was found that there is no statistically significant difference in ART outcomes in both the PRP and G-CSF groups. Conclusion: Intrauterine infusion of PRP and G-CSF was beneficial in improving LBR in RIF with thin endometrium, both being statistically comparable. There were no differences to show superior of one over the other.

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